Pushing the Needle Too Far: How Long Can You Drive on Empty?

Natalie Josef
September 17, 2012


Anytime the fuel gauge gets less than a quarter full, my mind starts to race. What if I run out of gas? Is this hurting my engine? Can I really “run on fumes”?

I am way too much of a worrier to let my needle get to “E.” I have a friend who always comes to pick me up with the fuel light already on before a night out. After freaking out in silence for twenty minutes, I finally suggest getting some gas. What does she do? Laugh and then drive further (my friends know I am a worrywart). We’ll be fine, she says. And you know what? We always are.

Some of us in this world like to push the limits, to see how far things can go before they break. These types will see a gas station on the next block, but will wait for the gas station forty miles away, just to see if they can. Others of us like to play it safe and don’t feel the need to test every limit. These folks will be in the passenger seat, white knuckled, praying that the car makes it to the next gas station.

We have all heard that you shouldn’t drive around with your fuel gauge on empty. Some of us are cool with that and will fill up when appropriate. And the others? They have to test the theory for themselves.

How Far Can You Really Go on Empty?

Short answer: It depends on your vehicle. Check your owners manual.

Long answer: Well …

Does it Hurt Your Car to Drive on Empty?

The reason automobiles have fuel level warning lights is to give you a warning before the car runs out of gas. Tests have proved that Americans like a buffer in this situation, and so manufacturers give them one.

But that’s not the only reason cars have fuel level warning lights. They also prevent you from burning up your fuel pump.

Here’s why. The internal mechanical parts of a fuel pump are lubricated by fuel traveling through the pump. When the fuel level is low, air can be drawn into the pump. If the pump has too much air, it isn’t properly lubricated, and can be damaged. This is similar to running an engine without oil.

Also, there may be small amounts of debris on the bottom of a fuel tank. When the fuel level is low, that debris is more likely to be drawn into the pump and/or plug the fuel filters, both of which can damage the pump. A partially plugged filter will cause the pump to have to work harder, therefore decreasing the life of the pump.

Sure, you won’t ruin your tank if you let it run out of gas once. Maybe even twice. But I say, why risk damaging your tank at all? Just get some gas!

So, How Long Can You Go?

For those of you who can’t let it rest and absolutely must know how far you can go once the fuel light comes on, check out The site’s owner, a computer programmer, was fascinated by this issue and asked folks to submit their stories of pushing the needle too far. People name their make and model, note the conditions, and then provide data on how far they were able to go once the warning light came on.

The Bottom Line

Generally—depending on the car, how you are driving it, the load, road conditions, weather, and tire pressure—you can go about thirty to forty miles once the fuel light comes on. Don’t push it with hybrids though; running out of gas in a hybrid has the potential to severely damage the hybrid system.

But why press your luck? Fill your gas tank when you can—you will make the worrywart in your passenger seat feel much better! Trust me!

RepairPal is working to not only fix an industry not known for trust and assurance, but also arm consumers with individual knowledge when it comes to getting their cars repaired.

We want to make the auto repair process less stressful and much more trustworthy. Our website features our Fair Price Estimator, eliminating that impending “am I being ripped-off?” feeling, while also providing matches to Certified shops, guaranteed to do the work at that fair price with quality parts and a trained, awesome staff.

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Natalie Josef

About the Author

Natalie Josef is an automotive expert at RepairPal, the leading online source of auto repair resources and estimates. With many ASE Master certified mechanics on staff who have decades of experience, RepairPal knows all the fine points of car repair.

8 User Comments

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By , September 17, 2012
I learned the hard way by nickel & dimeing my gas, burn't the fuel pump.
By , October 02, 2012
I had no idea I was going to run out of gas. My fuel sensor gauge evidently went first. But didn't really figure that out until I had to replace the fuel pump.
By , August 24, 2013
I've also heard that driving on low fuel can damage the fuel injectors for the same reason that it will damage the fuel pump,.......lack of lubrication.It is silly to risk it, unless of course you have a large bank account and you are always itching to spend money.
By , September 07, 2013
my friend always drives with is needle on gas light when spoken to he say nothing is wrong even through he put a little gas in the the needle is always on gas light.
By , January 11, 2014
I finally suggest getting some gas. What does she do? Laugh and then drive further
By , April 12, 2014
I learned from my auto repair teacher, that when the needle is on empty there is about 2 gallons left,
By , September 02, 2015
It can damage all components of your fuel system
By , February 18, 2016
i would try as well, it's a website that shows you how to calculate the miles you have left when the gas light comes on for any car. just plug in your cars numbers and it even calculates it for you