Throttle Body Service and Costs
What is the Throttle Body?
The throttle body is a housing containing a valve(s) that regulates the airflow entering the intake manifold on its way to the combustion chamber. The valve(s) opens and closes based on driver input via the gas pedal.
Throttle body service wasn't always so common. Carbon buildup on the throttle blade and in the throttle body has become an issue as the use of multi-port fuel injection systems has become almost universal. Before multi-port fuel injection, carburetors and throttle body injection systems delivered the fuel before the throttle blade. As the air/fuel mixture passed through the throttle body and around the throttle blade, it "washed" any carbon buildup before it could ever really begin. With modern fuel injection systems injecting the fuel after the throttle body, only air travels through the throttle body, so there is no fuel mixed with the air to keep the throttle body clean.
Symptoms of Wear or Failure
- Stalling and idling problems
- Vehicle may not accelerate smoothly from a stop
- Check Engine Light may illuminate
- Gas pedal may become hard to push
- Residue build-up on the throttle bore can result in lower than normal engine idle and engine stalling, especially after battery replacement
- Newer vehicles are using an electronically-controlled throttle body in place of the older cable-operated system
- When replacing an electronic throttle body, the related connectors and wiring should be thoroughly inspected
Why Should the Throttle Body Be Serviced?
A dirty throttle body may affect engine performance, so it's important to have it serviced. If you don't, you may experience one or more of these symptoms:
When Should the Throttle Body Be Serviced?
We recommend a complete throttle body service every 30,000 miles. Having it serviced at these intervals will help reduce the chance of any related drivability concerns.
The throttle body should also be serviced if it becomes dirty. If the technician recommends this service, it may be possible for the technician to let you inspect the throttle body before it is cleaned.
How to Service the Throttle Body
When a throttle body is serviced, a technician cleans or wipes out the bore of the throttle body and the throttle blade itself using a special chemical solution. He/she then checks and adjusts the minimum air rate and throttle position sensor adjustment as necessary. The technician then performs a computer controlled idle relearn procedure. When this is all done properly, the vehicle should idle just like new.