Subaru XT Engine Control Module Replacement Cost
How Much Does an Engine Control Module Replacement Cost?
Engine Control Module Replacement Service and Cost
The engine control management computer, also called the engine control module (ECM) or the powertrain control module (PCM), is a modern computer that receives inputs from nearly every system on the vehicle, and instantaneously uses that information to deliver appropriate engine power for operating conditions.
Battery power is supplied to the ECM, or PCM, and the ECM is programmed to send that electricity at regulated voltage to engine sensors, other control units, other devices on the network, and every system in the vehicle that depends on information from the PCM to function properly. Information is simultaneously passed back into the ECM from all of these locations, allowing the PCM to monitor conditions, and be monitored for conditions at all times.
In most situations, driving a vehicle with a failed ECM is impossible, as the systems needed to run the vehicle are not being instructed any longer. The ECM/PCM is a vital computer, and with this component sending erroneous signals, the vehicle will most likely never start, or the engine will randomly shut off. If a vehicle is responding very strangely to driver inputs, the vehicle should be towed to a repair facility.
The engine control module, or powertrain control module, is known to fail frequently in small groups of vehicles, however, failure in most vehicles is not extremely common. Most vehicles will be crushed with the original ECM in place. That is not to say it cannot happen, in fact, as early as 75,000 miles, up to 125,000 miles is the most common range for ECM replacement for several popular vehicles.
Engine Control Module Replacement Repair Information
When the ECM is suspected of failure, the particular specifications of that unit must be referenced, so the technician knows what the correct readings should be. The ECM will be tested by comparing actual readings to specified readings, following any specific diagnostic steps for that ECM, and confirming diagnosis after each pin has been tested for all necessary parameters. Since there are so many possible failure symptoms, it is not possible to speculate which pin to check, but reference materials will guide the technician through the process of locating the pins/wires that correspond to the issue they are chasing.
Replacing the ECM is normally easy, since diagnostics will require the ECM be accessed for diagnostic testing, prior to replacement, and the process of replacement actually starts there. The technician may need component location reference material to find where the manufacturer installed the ECM. In most vehicles, the ECM is in the engine bay, but a few manufacturers place the ECM inside the vehicle. In some vehicles, the ECM is even located in the trunk. Once the PCM has been located, any obstructions to testing and replacement must be removed, and testing begins. If the ECM fails diagnostic testing, the PCM will be unplugged, replaced, and reconnected to the vehicle prior to final assembly and testing.
Electrical diagnostics in general can be problematic, and there are many variables to account for. When electrical problems arise, diagnostics may take several hours to complete, or just a few minutes. This will significantly impact the cost of repairs. Choosing a facility with proper equipment and training for their staff may significantly reduce diagnostic time needed.
The battery connects directly to the engine, meaning it is grounded to the same point as many engine sensors. If the battery is incorrectly installed in a vehicle, such as installing or jump-starting the battery backwards, the ECM can be destroyed, along with some sensors and wiring. In many occasions, the ECM/PCM connector, harness, or pins inside the connector socket fail, and cannot make a proper connection to the ECM. Except for a broken or missing pin, these items can be replaced, and the vehicle retested.
Replacing the ECM on most vehicles is fairly easy, but accessing the control module usually requires searching behind panels if the component cannot be identified through a vehicle repair database. In many cases, the ECM looks much like a few other computers that are mounted in the vehicle, and removing a few panels to find the wrong module will quickly become frustrating. If proper experience, and reference materials are available, the ECM can be replaced, but many will need to be calibrated by the manufacturer. If this process is understood, and the ECM is adapted to the vehicle, this is a money saver, however, if diagnostic procedures are not fully understood, this should be trusted to a professional.