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1990 Honda Accord Question: Alternators burning out frequently

 

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Nirat, 2.2L 4 Cylinder, Camas, WA, January 10, 2011, 13:33
 Enthusiast

My car has blown through 3 alternators in the past 4 months, I'm guessing there is an electrical short, am I on the right track? I've read I can hook up a test light between neg. battery cable and battery, if the light comes on it says I should pull fuses one at a time until the test light goes out, then I'll know where the short is. Is this the best way to find the short? Also the radio was stolen from the previous owner, but no wires were damaged, could this be related?

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    PRESTONFITZ from Honest 1 Auto Care, January 10, 2011, 13:59
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     Technician

    The testing that you are describing is what is called a parasitic current drain test. If you were to touch your test light between the battery negative terminal and the negative battery cable, with the cable disconnected, and your test light lit, then it means there is something drawing current. If this test revealed a test light that is on, with the key off and out of the ignition, doors closed and in no way there should be anything on, then you have a drain on the battery. The problem with this test method, is that you don't really know how much current is being drawn. A general rule of thumb is no more than 50 milliamps. Do you know what the brightness of your test light will be at 50 milliamps, 100 milliamps, or 5 amps? It's impossible to tell. With a vehicle of this year, I'd bet the current drain should be less than probably 10 milliamps, or in that neighborhood. If you have no trouble starting the vehicle in the morning, or after its been sitting for a day or two, it is unlikely anything is drawing current when it shouldn't be. You would have a dead battery if there was, which would result in a slow crank or no crank condition.
    I would test your battery first. If the battery has a few years on it especially. It sounds more like the alternator is being overworked, if you have a dead or shorted cell in the battery, it can cause the conditions that you are experiencing.

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    Nirat, January 10, 2011, 14:15
     Enthusiast

    Thanks for the advise, It had no problems starting, even after sitting a couple days. Every time the alternator has failed its been on a long drive with heater, windshield wipers and lights on, so that makes sense with what you said. I had the battery tested last time the alternator failed and it was in great condition, but that was two months ago, and it's been cold. I'm gonna kick myself if it's just the battery this time! ha

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